During the time of the ancient Egyptians and Greeks, physicians routinely analysed the colour, odour, and consistency of urine. Additionally, they examined for bubbles, blood, and other illness indicators.
Today, a whole medical specialty is devoted to the health of the urinary system. It is known as urology. Here is a look at what urologists perform and when you may want to see one.
- What does a urologist mean?
Urologists are the specialists of choice for patients of any gender who are experiencing issues with their urinary system. In addition to diagnosing and treating problems that are associated with the male reproductive system, they also provide counselling services. Uro physician is trained to diagnose and treat a variety of conditions that affect the urinary system, and they see patients of both sexes. In addition, everything and everything having to do with a man’s reproductive system, including diagnosis and therapy, is included.
In some situations, they may undertake surgery. For instance, they could remove tumours or unblock the urinary tract. Urologists operate in hospitals, private clinics, and urology centres, among other venues.
The urinary tract is the system responsible for producing, storing, and eliminating urine from the body. Urologists are able to treat any component of this system. This consists of:
o The kidneys are the organs responsible for removing waste from the blood and producing urine.
o The ureters are the tubes via which urine travels from the kidneys to the bladder.
o The bladder is the hollow organ that retains pee.
o The urethra, which is the tube via which pee exits the body from the bladder.
o The adrenal glands, which are positioned on top of each kidney and secrete hormones, are the glands that release these substances.
- What exactly is urology?
Urology is the medical specialty concerned with illnesses of the urinary tract and male reproductive system. Some urologists address urinary tract problems in general. Others specialise in a specific area of urology, including:
o Female urology focuses on reproductive and urinary system disorders in women.
o Male infertility focuses on issues that impede a guy and his spouse from conceiving a child.
o Neuro urology focuses on urine issues caused by nerve system disorders.
o Paediatric urology is concerned with urinary issues in children.
o Urologic oncology focuses on urinary system malignancies, including those of the bladder, kidneys, prostate, and testicles.
- Which ailments are treated by urologists?
Urologists address several disorders affecting the urine system and male reproductive system.
o Prostate gland enlargement
o Infertility caused by erectile dysfunction, or difficulty establishing or maintaining an erection
o Uncomfortable bladder syndrome, commonly known as interstitial cystitis,
o Renal illnesses
o Kidney stones
o Prostatitis, which is prostate gland irritation
o Genitourinary infections (UTIs)
o Scrotum varicoceles are swollen veins.
- What operations are performed by urologists?
Urologists will do one or more of the following tests to diagnose your issue when you see them:
o They can view your urinary system using imaging techniques such as CT scans, MRIs, or ultrasounds.
o They may order a cystogram, which is an X-ray of the bladder.
o Your urologist is able to do a cystoscopy. This entails using a narrow scope called a cystoscope to examine the urethra and bladder of the patient.
o They may examine your urine for infection-causing microorganisms using a urine sample.
o They may undertake urodynamic testing to assess the bladder’s pressure and volume.
Urologists are also trained to undertake a variety of surgical procedures. This may include carrying out:
o Urinary bladder, kidney, or prostate biopsies
o Cystectomy, to treat cancer, which includes removing the bladder, combined with extracorporeal shock.
o Wave lithotripsy that involves breaking up kidney stones to make their removal easier.
o A kidney transplant that consists of the replacement of a damaged kidney with a healthy one.
o Prostate cancer that is treated by a prostatectomy, which includes the removal of all or part of the prostate gland.
o Urinary incontinence is treated using a sling operation that uses strips of mesh to support the urethra and maintain it closed.
o A transurethral prostate excision that removes extra tissue from an enlarged prostate.
o A transurethral prostate needle ablation that includes the removal of extra tissue from an enlarged prostate.
o A ureteroscopy, which utilizes a scope to remove kidney and ureter stones, is performed.
o A vasectomy that prevents conception by cutting and tying the vas deferens, or the tube through which sperm travel to create sperm.
- When should a urologist be consulted?
Your primary care physician can treat simple urinary conditions, such as a UTI. Your primary care physician may send you to a urologist if your symptoms persist or if you have a problem for which they cannot give treatment.
For some situations, you may need to visit both a urologist and another expert. A man with prostate cancer, for instance, may see both an “oncologist” and a “urologist.”
- How does one know when to see a urologist?
Any of the following signs implies a problem in the urinary tract:
o Blood in urination
o A frequent or pressing need to urinate
o Lower back, pelvic, or side discomfort
o Discomfort or burning during urination
o Urine leakage
o Urine flow that is weak and dribbling
The best urologist may be the first medical professional you consult for these symptoms. To make a diagnosis, the physician may conduct an examination and request blood, urine, and other tests. Early-stage malignancies are often simpler to treat, so see a urologist without delay.